The diseases that are transmitted during sexual intercourse are termed as Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or Venereal Disease. They can also be transmitted by using an infected needle, through pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Control Program is to check the spread of STDs and hence reduce the complications associated with the diseases. Educational efforts teamed with support from local health departments and community partners can increase public awareness, understand and extend support for STD prevention.
- Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Sexual health centers promote the use of condoms as a preventive measure. Condoms and female condoms provide protection when used as a barrier. Vaccines are also available that protect against Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and some strains of HPV.
Many local health departments and health care providers offer counseling for STDs. See your doctor immediately if you have symptoms.