Sexual Dysfunction or sexual malfunction is a condition in which an individual or couple experience difficulty in any stage of normal sexual activity. It can have serious impacts on an individual’s sexual life.
- Sexual desire disorder in which there is diminished libido or lack of sex drive. The possible causes could be the decrease in estrogen production in women or testosterone production in men. Other causes may include aging, fatigue, medications, pregnancy etc.
- Sexual arousal disorder in which the desire for sex might be intact, but there is a difficulty to become aroused or maintain arousal during sexual activity. In medical terms it may be due to decreased blood flow or lack of vaginal lubrication.
- Orgasmic disorders are persistent or recurrent difficulty in achieving orgasm after normal sexual excitement phase.
- Sexual pain disorder affect woman exclusively and is characterized by pain associated with sexual stimulation or vaginal contact.
Sexual Dysfunction may result from emotional or physical causes. Emotional factors include psychological problems, sexual trauma in the past, depression etc. Physical factors include the use of drugs, alcohol, antihistamines, nicotine etc. For women premenstrual syndrome, pregnancy, post delivery and menopause could have an adverse effect on sexual activities.
In men, psychotherapy and counseling sessions may reduce the sexual dysfunction due to anxiety. Making lifestyle changes like smoking cessation, avoiding alcohol and drugs can also help.
In women Hormone Replacement therapies are suggested to provide sexual satisfaction. For pain experienced during intercourse medications such as pain relievers or desensitizing agents or lubricants are prescribed. A counselor or therapist for psychosocial counseling may also help overcome these difficulties.