Recurrent Pregnancy Loss is a condition of two or more failed pregnancies or miscarriages. Almost 25 % of all pregnancies result in miscarriages but experiencing three or more consecutive miscarriages may require medical evaluation. Along with evaluating the possible risks couples need to be provided with emotional and psychological support.
- Genetic/ Chromosomal Cause – Chromosomal defects in the parents or chromosomal abnormality in the embryo may result in miscarriages
- Age – Chances of miscarriages increases as a woman ages.
- Hormonal abnormalities especially low levels of progesterone may cause repeated miscarriages. Progesterone, produced by the ovaries is the hormone responsible for healthy pregnancy.
- Metabolic abnormalities like poorly controlled diabetes have a high risk of miscarriage
- Uterine abnormalities like distortion of the uterine cavity may be a significant cause for miscarriages. Congenital abnormalities like uterine septum, double uterus etc could also pose a risk. Acquired abnormalities like fibroids, and polyps may also increase the risk of miscarriages.
- Women with Antiphospholipid Syndrome are also at a higher risk of miscarriages. Check with your doctor on the screening tests available and the treatments measures for the same.
A healthy lifestyle along with folic acid supplements are recommended before attempting another pregnancy. Life style changes including smoking cessation, reduction in alcohol and caffeine consumption, exercise, and weight control may all be beneficial. Counseling sessions may provide comfort and support to cope with the emotional changes that most individuals experience after repeated miscarriages.