The physical and behavioral symptoms that occur in a cyclic pattern during the second half of a woman’s menstrual cycle is referred to as Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). More severe form of PMS is referred as PMDD or Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. PMS is common in around 75 % women. Common symptoms include anger, irritability, tension etc. that may interfere with a woman’s daily activities.
The exact cause for PMS and PMDD are not known though theories suggest that change in hormonal level during menstruation may influence chemicals in the brain that may cause mood changes.
The most common symptoms of PMS / PMDD are fatigue, irritability, bloating and anxiety. Other symptoms include the following:
- Feelings of sadness, hopelessness or worthlessness
- Tension/ anxiety
- Mood swings
- Persistent irritability, anger at family members , friends or co workers.
- Difficulty concentrating
Doctors may recommend a regular exercise program or relaxation techniques, vitamin or mineral supplements, pain relievers, dietary changes initially. These are beneficial for the overall health and hardly cause any side effects. If these treatments fail to reduce your PMS symptoms your doctor may prescribe antidepressants o anti-anxiety drugs and drugs that affect hormone production. Talk to your physician for the treatment options available in case of PMS/PMDD or if any one fail to provide desired results.