A hysterosalphingogram is a a special X-Ray test to view the inside of the uterus and the fallopian tubes. It is usually done to detect infertility causes. A dye (contrast material) is usually used in this procedure. The resultant images show any possible injury or abnormalities in the uterus or fallopian tubes or a blockage in the tubes which prevent fertilization.
To detect a block in the fallopian tubes that prevents the sperm from reaching the egg. Sometimes the dye used pushes through the hysterosalphingogram tubes thus removing the block.
- Diagnose uterine problems like abnormal shape or structure, fibroids, polyps, adhesions etc.
- Confirm the success of reversal of tubal ligation
- Exposure to radiation can increase your chances of cell or tissue damage.
- Risks of Pelvic infection, endometriosis, salpingitis if you had pelvic infections earlier.
- Allergic reaction to the dye used
The risks associated with the process are small compared to the benefits of the process.
After the process you may experience vaginal bleeding for several days after the test. Some of the dye will leak out of the vagina. Your doctor can provide you with more details on the test, the associated risks and the benefits.