The use of hormones in medical treatment is referred as hormone therapy or hormonal therapy. Hormone therapy can be used in treatment of cancer, to relieve symptoms of menopause, testosterone replacement in males with low levels, in sex reassignment therapy, in hypothyroidism, growth hormone treatment etc.
Hormone therapy uses one or more female hormones to treat symptoms of menopause. Hot flashes, mood swings, reduced sexual drive, vaginal dryness, sleep disorders are some of the symptoms associated with menopause. Hormone therapy is administered as pills, injection, vaginal cream, patch, tablets or ring. The hormones estrogen, progesterone and occasionally testosterone are used in hormone therapy. Hormone therapy may prevent osteoporosis caused by low levels of estrogen during menopause.
Hormone therapy may increase your risk for blood clots, breast cancer, heart disease and stroke. Use of hormone therapy varies from individual to individual. Talk to your doctor about your medical history so that your doctor can prescribe the right treatment for you.
As with all medications, side effects can be experienced when you are on hormone therapy which includes:
- Breast Soreness
- Mood swings
- Water retention
This can be reduced by changing the dose or type of hormone therapy.
In addition to hormone therapy lifestyle changes like regular exercises and including healthy foods can help minimize symptoms of menopause. Regular checkups with your doctor are necessary while on hormone therapy. In case you experience unusual symptoms, visit your doctor immediately.