Hormonal Assays can be helpful for doctors and couples in determining the cause of their infertility. Fertility is not merely dependant on the problems with the female reproductive organs. It is essential to measure the levels of hormones that play an important role in fertility.
The key hormones involved in the process of ovulation are FSH (follicle stimulating hormone), LH(luteinizing hormone), estrogen and progesterone. The secretion of FSH is also dependant on another hormone prolactin secreted from the pituitary gland. Hormones secreted from the thyroid gland also affect fertility. Hence hormone assays provide your specialist with information that may help in treatment of infertility.
FSH and LH hormones control the functions of the ovary. These tests are recommended in women with irregular menstrual cycles.
- A form of Estrogen is responsible for the maintaining healthy eggs in the ovary.
- Low Progesterone levels indicate that ovulation has not happened.
- Testosterone and other androgens (male hormones) secreted by the ovaries and adrenal glands may affect normal ovulation.
- Thyroid hormones and TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) secreted from the pituitary gland play an important role in fertility management.
- Prolactin imbalance can cause irregular periods and ovulation.
- AMH (anti mullerein hormone) produced by the ovary reflects the ovarian reserve and the recruitable eggs for fertility in a cycle.
Infertility is not only a woman’s problem. Infertility problems in men are caused by low sperm count, poor sperm motility or abnormal semen levels. These are in turn caused by hormonal imbalance which affects sperm quality and quantity. The male hormones affecting fertility are:
- FSH stimulates sperm production and LH is responsible for the secretion of the male sex hormone testosterone thus affecting fertility.
- Testosterone produced by the testis stimulates sperm production and affects sperm motility.
- Prolactin imbalance results in abnormal semen production
If you think that hormonal imbalance is the cause of infertility, visit your doctor who might recommend hormonal assays and determine the best treatment options available to you.