The term contraception or birth control is used to describe any method used to prevent pregnancy. The choice of contraceptive method varies from individual to individual. The most apt method of birth control depends on a woman’s overall health, frequency of sex, age, desire to have children in the future and the family history.
Types of Birth Control
There are various types of contraceptive measures available. Discuss with your health care provider to find the one that suits you the most.
Hormonal Methods: Birth control hormones are very good at preventing pregnancy. These include contraceptive pills, birth control shots, the vaginal ring, implantable rods, and contraceptive patch.
Intrauterine Devices or IUDs: They are very good and safe in preventing pregnancy. IUDs are inserted into the uterus. There are two types of IUDs: Copper IUD and Hormonal IUD.
Barrier Methods: They are not as effective in preventing pregnancy compared to hormonal methods or IUDs. Also they need to be used every time you have sexual contact. Some of the barriers are condoms, diaphragm and sponges.
Sterilization: This is an irreversible process which means you cannot have any more children in future. In men Vasectomy is done and in women the tubes are tied called Tubal Ligation.
Fertility Awareness: In this process the couple needs to be very careful and practice sex only when you are not fertile. During times when you are fertile you need to use one of the barrier methods.
Emergency Contraceptive Pills: This is a backup in case the barrier method fails or you forget to use your contraceptives.
The best method of birth control is one that protects you every time you have sex. Before choosing a method, consult with your doctor. Also you might require changing a method that once worked well for you. Barrier and Emergency Contraceptives are available in drugstores without prescription. But for others you might require a doctor’s prescription or assistance.