Benign Ovarian Cyst

A fluid filled sac formed in the ovary is termed ovarian cyst. They are common and benign (non cancerous). They vary in size and may be present in different locations of the ovary. They are formed when an follicle containing egg does not rupture but instead swells with fluid. They are usually harmless and cause no noticeable symptoms

ovarian-cysts

Symptoms

In most cases ovarian cyst do not produce noticeable symptoms but in some cases the following symptoms are noticed

Diagnosis

One or more of these tests may be required to diagnose a benign ovarian cyst

Pelvic Examination: Most ovarian cysts are detected during routine pelvic examinations. But since this method provides no definitive results, vaginal sonogram is performed.

Vaginal Sonogram: This is an imaging test and gives the physician accurate information on the cyst.

These cysts are usually diagnosed by either ultrasound or CT scan. Follow-up imaging for small simple or hemorrhagic cyst is generally not required for women of reproductive age.

Laparoscopy: This is a surgical procedure in which the cyst is removed by making a small incision in the abdomen.

Types

Ovarian Cysts can be classified as Functional or Non Functional

  • Functional Cyst: are formed as part of the menstrual cycle. For example follicular cyst, corpus luteum cyst etc.
  • Non Functional Cysts are not formed during menstrual cycle. For example Hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, Dermoid cyst, polycystic ovaries etc

Treatment

Ovarian cysts are harmless and disappear over a period of time. Surgery might be required if the cyst is suspected to be malignant. In most cases, cysts can be removed without damaging the ovary but in certain cases the entire ovary needs to be removed. Laparoscopy may be used to drain the cyst. In case of recurrent cysts, birth control pills can be used to control them.

You may consult your doctor if you experience any of the symptoms of ovarian cyst. In case you have been diagnosed with ovarian cyst and experience severe abdominal pain, fever or vomiting, consult your doctor.

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